What is Estrogen?


Estrogen is the name given to a family of ovarian hormones which all have similar characteristics. Estrogen hormones are sometimes mistakenly referred to as exclusively female hormones when in fact both men and women produce them. In order to understand the important role estrogens play, it is important to know something about hormones in general.

Often referred to as "chemical messengers", hormones carry information and instructions from one group of cells to another. In the human body, hormones influence almost every cell, organ and function. They regulate our growth, development, tissue function, the way our bodies use food, sexual function, the reaction of our bodies to emergencies and even our moods.

Read about the roles and effects of estrogen to notice the importance estrogen hormones really are in women's lives.

Roles and Effects

Effects of Estrogen

Estrogen Side Effects

In women, estrogen circulates in the bloodstream and binds to estrogen receptors on cells in targeted tissues, primarily the breast and uterus. Estrogen hormones have many effects on your body, for example they are responsible for the growth and development of female sexual characteristics and reproduction. The image below shows some of the effects estrogen has in the brain, bones, ovary, heart and other tissues.

Effects of Estrogen

Estrogen controls the growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the menstrual cycle, what makes the receiving and nutrition of a fertilized egg and later a developing fetus possible. The natural estrogen hormone also causes changes in the breasts during adolescence and pregnancy. Additionally estrogen regulates various other metabolic processes, including bone growth and density as well as the production of cholesterol.

Estrogen plays a very important role in the development of a fetus. The effects of low estrogen will not trigger maturation of the lungs, kidneys, liver, adrenal glands and other organs. In fact, the placenta itself would never grow and operate properly with the effects of low estrogen. Also, an important role of estrogen during pregnancy is to regulate the production of progesterone over the full term. As estrogen is produced by the placenta, progesterone production is stimulated and regulated.

There are many more effects of estrogen hormones in women bodies.

The list below shows some of these:

  • Helps to protect against heart disease, Alzheimer's disease and osteoporosis.
  • Assists in the lactation process.
  • Maintains the endometrium during pregnancy.
  • Promotes blood flow within the uterus.
  • Maintains, regulates and triggers the production of other hormones.

Estrogen hormones are very important in female body functioning. This is the reason why if estrogen hormones aren't in balanced levels; it could bring several harmful effects. Continue read about what happens if estrogen fluctuates.

Is Estrogen Therapy related with Breast Cancer?

Even though estrogen therapy brings several benefits such as relief from hot flashes and a lower risk of heart disease and osteoporosis, it does have an increased risk of breast cancer.

Can estrogen declination cause cognition problems?

Estrogen hormones have several functions in the female body. Besides controlling the menstrual cycle and sexual development, estrogen has very large and diverse effects on the central nervous system.

Estrogen Fluctuations During Life Stages

Estrogen fluctuations

As you could read at Effects of Estrogen before, this hormone plays a crucial role in a woman's body. They are responsible for the growth and development of female sexual characteristics and reproduction. Now you can imagine what effects low estrogen can trigger. 

Every woman will experience the consequences of fluctuating hormonal levels during menopause. In fact, the imbalance of the estrogen levels causes menopause itself and the noticeable physical and emotional changes, called menopause symptoms, including hot flashes, irregular menstrual periods, vaginal dryness, stress incontinence and mood swings.

Estrogen Imbalance Treatments

natural estrogen treatment

Estrogen is a very important hormone because it is charge of many important body functions like regulating cholesterol, ovulation, bone density among others. This is the reason why estrogen imbalance have serious effects on overall body functioning. In fact, these effects usually appear as symptoms that can become harmful if not given the right attention. Therefore, you should get informed about the available treatments for estrogen imbalance.

Pharmaceutical companies would have you believe that for estrogen imbalance treatment, drugs are the best solution, but that isn't the case. Before you make the choice of taking synthetic estrogen hormones, you should consider less risky approaches, like alternative medicine or lifestyle changes.

Three approaches for estrogen imbalance treatments

There are three levels of estrogen imbalance treatments:

  • (1) Lifestyle Changes,
  • (2) Alternative Medicine and
  • (3) Drugs and Surgery.

You should always start with the least risky approach (lifestyle changes) and go on to riskier approaches (surgery/drugs) only if necessary.


The first level of estrogen imbalance treatments involves no risk but may be the hardest way to go. Women have to restrict themselves from many things. So if a woman is considering this approach, she will need a strong mind and a positive thinking for managing these changes.

natural estrogen treatment by lifestyle changes

Surprisingly, there has been less research on how lifestyle changes can affect estrogen imbalance. Nonetheless, techniques for stress reduction (e.g. yoga), a diet rich in estrogenic food (soy, alfalfa, cherries, rice, wheat and yams) or even becoming more fit by doing regular exercises, will have positive effects on a woman's estrogen imbalance.

It's not easy to follow up this approach, that's why you might want to consider the next level of estrogen imbalance treatment, because alternative medicine is an excellent way to control estrogen imbalance.


Alternative estrogen imbalance treatment involves little or no risk and can be considered as the safest way to treat estrogen imbalance. In this level of approach, Herbal remedies are the most effective option.

natural estrogen treatment by alternative medicine

There are basically two types of herbs for estrogen imbalance treatment: phytoestrogen and non-estrogenic herbs. Phytoestrogen herbs (e.g. Black Cohosh, Dong Quai) contain plant estrogens. Therefore, these herbs replace the missing estrogen; unfortunately, phytoestrogen herbs produce several side effects (like breast cancer, heart attacks and strokes) as a result from adding hormones from outside.

Unlike phytoestrogen herbs, non-estrogenic herbs don't contain any estrogen. Instead, non-estrogenic herbs nourish your hormonal glands into healthy production of your own natural hormones. This ultimately ends up in balancing overall hormones levels. Due to this, non-estrogenic herbs, like Macafem, can be considered as the safest way of natural estrogen imbalance treatment.

Nature & Health magazine. Dr. Chacon says:

"Macafem nutrients help restore natural hormones in women. Unlike hormone drugs, which are basically resumed in taking synthetic hormones, Macafem nourishes your body for own natural hormone production, by inducing the optimal functioning of the pituitary and endocrine glands". Click here to read more about Macafem.

A combination of estrogen imbalance treatments is a good route to take. Lifestyle changes combined with alternative medicine will probably take care of estrogen imbalance in a more efficiently way.


Interventions at level 3 involve the highest risk and often the highest costs. The most common drug therapy for estrogen imbalance treatment in the US is hormone replacement therapy (HRT). There's no doubt that this is the quickest and strongest way to combat hormonal imbalance; unfortunately, it entails serious side effects and increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancer, strokes and heart attacks.

If you still consider following this risky approach, take a visit to your physician, and get informed about what this estrogen imbalance treatment option involves.

Remember that these three levels of estrogen imbalance treatments are not mutually exclusive. You can use different approaches at different times or combine several at the same time. Nowadays more and more women think that the best estrogen imbalance treatment is accomplished via a combination of healthy lifestyle and alternative treatments.

A safe way for balancing hormones

Non-estrogenic herbs are considered the safest and most effective estrogen imbalance treatment. Reasonable prices and the non existence of side effects are only some of the reasons why to prefer this treatment option. It's simple, rather than putting hormones from outside into your body artificially, Macafem stimulate your hormone glands to produce the necessary hormones naturally Click here to read all about Macafem.