Why Do I Need Estrogen and Progesterone?

Hormones are vital to your body; they make up the system that your body uses to regulate itself. Hormones control almost every aspect of your being. Hormones let you know when you're hungry, tired, and thirsty. Two of the most important hormones in the female body are estrogen and progesterone. Continue reading to learn more about why these two hormones are so important.


Estrogen is a hormone that is produced in the pituitary gland. It helps regulate functions in your body like growth and development. It also helps to regulate the menstrual cycle, as well as sodium and water retention. Though, as with all hormones, estrogen only performs appropriately when it works in harmony with the other hormones in your body.

Why Do I Need Estrogen and Progesterone?-2

If you want to have healthy body development and a regular menstrual cycle, then having balanced estrogen in your body is imperative. However, there are times when estrogen levels fluctuate, like during menopause. This can cause side effects in your body, which are typically known as menopause symptoms.

Low levels of estrogen may result in menopause symptoms like fatigue, hot flashes, and night sweats. You may also have difficulty concentrating and experience memory lapses, vaginal dryness, joint pain, and dry skin.

Conversely, high levels of estrogen may result in mood swings, anxiety, depression, loss of libido, and insomnia. You may also feel bloated and suffer from breast tenderness. Headaches, weight gain, and hypoglycemia also often accompany high levels of estrogen.

Keep reading to learn why progesterone is another essential hormone.


Progesterone is produced in the ovaries and is a crucial part of the menstrual cycle. Early on in the menstrual cycle, progesterone levels rise. This results in a thickening of the uterine lining which is vital for creating the requisite environment for a fertilized egg.

Why Do I Need Estrogen and Progesterone?

You need balanced progesterone levels to become pregnant. Balanced progesterone levels also help to regulate your libido, sexual health, mood, and bone health. However, your progesterone levels are not always balanced. Menopause is a time when your progesterone levels can change dramatically, resulting in the symptoms of menopause.

You can determine if your progesterone levels are low if certain symptoms arise; if you are fatigued or suffering from headaches and irregular periods, there is a chance that you are experiencing decreased levels of progesterone. Mood swings, breast tenderness, and anxiety are also commonly associated with low levels of this hormone. If you have high levels of progesterone, you may experience fatigue, mood swings, breast tenderness, irritability, and vaginal dryness.

Click here to learn how you can establish if your hormone levels are in flux.

Related Articles

Can Phytoestrogens Replace Estrogen? Can Phytoestrogens Replace Estrogen?
Estrogen Everywhere Estrogen Everywhere
The Importance of Estrogen The Importance of Estrogen