Young women who experience irregular periods such as oligomenorrhea (abnormally long menstrual cycles of over 40 days) may be at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.
Women normally maintain a period pattern, yet no one is completely regular. Periods can vary from 23 to 35 days, but they are classed as regular if your periods occur at roughly the same date each month. At certain age, the frequency between periods start fluctuating considerably, making them extremely difficult or even impossible to track.
Irregular periods are also known as anovulatory periods. It means that women do not properly develop and release a mature egg every month as they should normally. Because women respond differently, irregular periods adopt different types too.
The causes of irregular periods can be divided into psychological and physical. Psychological aren't as common as physical; in fact, it's normally accepted that physical causes are responsible for irregular periods.
Psychological causes for irregular periods.
Anxiety and other forms of emotional daily stress, overwork and fatigue can cause irregular periods. If these factors are not controlled, they could make you lose emotional stability. Therefore, these could affect your body functioning balance, producing alterations that will lead to irregular periods. Either way, keep in mind that the physical causes for irregular periods are much more frequent.
Physical causes for irregular periods.
Hormones like estrogen and progesterone have a definite effect on your menstruation since they regulate the ovulation during the menstrual cycle. Without a balanced level of these hormones in their bodies, women are unable to properly ovulate producing abnormal (anovulatory) menstruation that will lead to irregular periods. This is why maintaining healthy hormone levels is important to avoid and control irregular periods.
You should take a look at the following article which explains properly what steps to take for treating irregular periods.
(Your period comes more frequent) usually signal that you are producing lower levels of estrogen during your pre-ovulate stage -- and that your FSH levels are higher than normal. With more FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone) to stimulate them, your follicles are developing faster - which shortens your cycle.
Extremely light periods
Usually means that you aren't making enough estrogen to build up your uterine lining. It can also be a sign of an anovulatory period.
Extremely heavy bleeding
Is also often a sign of an anovulatory period, but in this case, estrogen builds up the uterine lining at the same time that you aren't producing enough progesterone (since you haven't ovulated and so created a corpus luteum). Without progesterone to stop it, the uterine lining keeps building up, until the estrogen production finally drops off and the lining is shed.
Skipped/less frequent periods
Usually happens as your ovaries continue declining and your menstrual cycle starts cycling down. Over time, even extremely high levels of FSH don't produce enough estrogen for eggs to mature and for your uterine lining to thicken. As you get closer to menopause, your menstrual cycle usually lengthens. Periods come less frequently, there's more time between them. Then you may begin skipping periods. And eventually, in the biggest change in your menstrual cycle, you will stop having periods altogether.
Irregular Periods is just an indicator of the declination of estrogen hormones that menopause produces. These changes result in a hormonal imbalance in a woman's body and cause Irregular Periods. Therefore, the best and most effective way to treat Irregular Periods is to control its main cause by balancing hormonal levels.
Three approaches for the treatment of Irregular Periods
There are three levels of treatments of Irregular Periods:
- (1) Lifestyle Changes,
- (2) Alternative Medicine and
- (3) Drugs and Surgery.
You should always start with the least risky approach (lifestyle changes) and go on to riskier approaches (surgery/drugs) only if necessary.
The first level involves no risk but may be the hardest way to go. You'll have to change many habits of your daily life. So if you are considering this approach, you will need a strong mind and a positive thinking for managing these changes.
Nonetheless, techniques for stress reduction (e.g. yoga), a diet rich in estrogenic food (soy, alfalfa, cherries, rice, wheat and yams) or even becoming more fit by doing regular exercises, will have positive effects on the treatment of Irregular Periods.
It's not easy to follow up this approach, that's why you might want to consider the next level of treatment, because alternative medicine is an excellent treatment for irregular periods.
Alternative approaches involve little or no risk and can be considered as the safest way to treat Irregular Periods. In this level of approach, Herbal remedies are the most effective option.
There are basically two types of herbs to treat Irregular Periods during menopause: phytoestrogen and non-estrogenic herbs. Phytoestrogen herbs (e.g. Black Cohosh, Dong Quai) contain plant estrogens. Therefore, these herbs replace the missing estrogen; unfortunately, phytoestrogen herbs produce several side effects (like breast cancer, heart attacks and strokes) as a result from adding hormones from outside.
Unlike phytoestrogen herbs, non-estrogenic herbs don't contain any estrogen. Instead, non-estrogenic herbs nourish your hormonal glands for healthy production of your own natural hormones. This ultimately ends up in balancing overall hormones levels. Due to this, non-estrogenic herbs, like Macafem, can be considered as the safest way of natural treatment for Irregular Periods.
Nature & Health magazine. Dr. Chacon says:
A combination of approaches is a good route to take. Lifestyle changes combined with alternative medicine will probably take care of Irregular Periods during menopause in a more efficiently way.
Drugs and Surgery
Interventions at level 3 involve the highest risk and often the highest costs. The most common drug therapy for the treatment of Irregular Periods in the US is hormone replacement therapy (HRT). There's no doubt that this is the quickest and strongest way to combat hormonal imbalance; unfortunately, it entails serious side effects and increases the risk of different cancer types among women.
If you still consider following this approach, take a visit to your physician, and get informed about what this treatment option involves.
Remember that these three levels of approaches are not mutually exclusive. You can use different approaches at different times or combine several at the same time. Nowadays more and more women think that the best treatment for Irregular Periods during menopause is accomplished via a combination of healthy lifestyle and alternative treatments.