Hormones and Infertility

Updated: Jun 18, 2020

A lot of delicate and intricate processes occur within your body, including the menstrual cycle, ovulation, and fertilization, must be functioning properly in order to conceive a child. The processes are primarily controlled by hormones, and they can get thrown off by numerous problems.

What Types of Hormonal Imbalances Can Cause Infertility?

Glandular problems

estrogen infetility

Originating in the endocrine system can be the source of the problem. Imbalances in thyroid, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland secretions are all included in this category.

  • The hypothalamus is especially sensitive to anxiety, stress, birth control pills, and other medicines your doctor may prescribe for unrelated conditions.
  • Many women experience problems with their thyroid glands, which may be underactive. This condition goes hand in hand with excess estrogen. Estrogen stimulates the production of a hormone called prolactin, which is responsible for producing milk in breastfeeding mothers. Unfortunately, prolactin can also inhibit ovulation.
  • The pituitary gland can develop tumors that emit prolactin and suppress ovulation.

Ovary function

Involves both follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Their release is controlled by several factors.

estrogen follicle
  • Because all hormones are considered chemical messengers controlled by the brain, a brain injury or tumor can affect the release of these hormones and, consequently, the ovulation process.
  • Problems can also arise when the adrenal glands and ovaries begin to produce too many androgens, or male hormones. The excess of these hormones leads to an even more critical hormone imbalance in which there is too much LH and not enough FSH. When this happens, the ovaries begin to develop cysts and are incapable of releasing an egg. This condition is known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
  • Premature menopause, or premature ovarian failure, is diagnosed in women under the age of 40 when they have depleted their egg supply. This condition usually results in a depletion of the hormones impacted by ovulation as well.

More Information about Natural Hormones

In addition to estrogen, LH and FSH, progesterone also plays a vital role in conception and pregnancy. Click on the following link to learn more about hormone imbalance treatment.

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