There are many different medications used to treat infertility. For couples experiencing infertility, it is important to understand fertility drugs and their purposes.
Most fertility drugs are taken to treat hormonal imbalance, a common cause of infertility. You might also want to get informed about other infertility treatment options with fewer or no side effects; resources are linked below.
Low-dose aspirin has been shown to help improve pregnancy rates in infertile women with a thin uterine lining. It also helps improve the pattern of the uterine lining.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
This medication is used for the treatment of ovulation disorders and to stimulate follicle and egg production in conjunction with intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or other assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures.
If your basic infertility evaluation indicates that you are not ovulating regularly or if you are ovulating very late or early in the cycle, your physician may suggest clomiphene citrate. This fertility drug is used to induce ovulation, correct irregular ovulation, help increase egg production, and correct luteal phase deficiency.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)
hMG is a fertility drug that acts directly on the ovaries to stimulate follicle development. It is used to stimulate the development of follicles in women who do not ovulate regularly and to stimulate ovulation for intrauterine Insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), and other treatment procedures. Other types of gonadotropins may also be administered.
Bromocriptine Mesylate and Cabergoline
Hyperprolactinemia – the overproduction of the hormone prolactin – can cause fertility problems by interfering with the normal production of FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH). Bromocriptine and cabergoline correct abnormal prolactin levels.
Progesterone Replacement Therapy
Progesterone is a hormone which is given after ovulation to improve the quality of the uterine lining. This fertility drug can be taken by mouth, vaginal suppository, gel, or intramuscular injection.
Balancing Hormone Levels
Because the right levels of estrogen and progesterone are a crucial part of fertility, you should be sure to have the right balance. Contrary to popular belief, there are ways to balance hormone levels aside from medications. Read about the different ways to stimulate the ability to conceive by balancing hormone levels.