Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for countless modern day diseases, such as diabetes, heart diseases, or osteoarthritis, which can significantly reduce one's quality of life and life expectancy. It has also been estimated that 39% women in their prime reproductive age are overweight or obese while 12% of them have fertility problems.
In light of those statistics, researchers have been exploring the link between obesity and infertility and trying to answer the question of whether a woman with excess fat can get pregnant and have healthy babies. Continue reading to learn how to create an effective step-by-step action plan to reduce your weight and optimize your chances for a safe pregnancy.
The most common and useful way of defining weight is by using a Body Mass Index (BMI), which takes into consideration a woman's weight in regard to her height. This criteria describes excess body fat in two terms:
The term morbid obesity is used when a woman weighs 100 pounds more than her proper weight and has a BMI of 40 or more.
Studies have shown that maternal weight affects fertility and pregnancy. It might also extend past childbearing and affect the child's health later on in life. Although being overweight has considerate effects on conception, most of those health risks have been linked to obesity.
Although the exact causes are not always clear, obese women are three times more likely to suffer from infertility due to:
Maternal obesity during pregnancy increases the risk of the most common complications, such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, or hypertension. In turn, these conditions might lead to low blood sugar or high bilirubin in babies, which can also predispose them to developing diabetes, obesity, and heart problems in the future.
Women with a BMI over 30 tend to have a longer and harder labor and give birth to larger babies, which can require a Cesarean section as well as result in shoulder dystocia and other injuries to the baby.
Obesity pregnancy is more likely to end in a miscarriage or stillbirth. It has also been linked to causing neural tube and heart defects in babies.
Your goal in the preconception period is to get as close to the normal BMI as possible. By losing weight prior to getting pregnant, you increase your fertility chances of conceiving and decrease the risk of future complications. To do it in a healthy, safe, and effective way, consider the following recommendations:
To lose weight, you have to eat, but the key is to know what, how much, and when to do it:
What to eat
The aim of weight loss before pregnancy is to create a diet plan with high-fiber and nutrient-rich foods from the following groups:
Also, it is important to keep the following pointers in mind:
How much to eat
To burn fat, you need to use more calories than you consume. The idea is not to starve yourself, but to provide your body with healthy foods while increasing your exercise to speed up your metabolism.
When to eat it
Always start a day with a well-balanced breakfast, such as eggs, oatmeal, or fruits. Remember that eating small portions frequently throughout the day, instead of a few big meals, can keep you full for longer and prevent cravings.
No weight loss program can ever bring long-term results if it is not complemented with exercise. Studies have shown that even a small weight reduction can boost fertility.
Some women require additional help in their battle with obesity. Possible treatment options include:
Medications that work by increasing metabolism, suppressing appetite, or blocking fat absorption. They can be purchased over the counter or with prescription, but their use should always be discussed with a doctor due to numerous side effects.
Weight loss surgery, also called bariatric surgery, promotes weight loss by making changes in the digestive tract. It is reserved for women whose BMI is above 40kg/m2, or those with a BMI of 35 who also suffer from heart disease, sleep apnea, or diabetes. Read more about getting pregnant after weight loss surgery.
You should have a good idea of your target safe weight for pregnancy before you attempt to conceive. For some couples, conceiving takes several ovulation cycles. So, stay patient and continue with your preconception action plan.
Weight Loss during Pregnancy
Many pregnant obese women wonder if it is safe to lose weight during pregnancy. Despite the risks of obese pregnancy, dieting during pregnancy is not recommended by most obstetricians. Occasionally, however, small weight loss in early pregnancy does occur naturally due to morning sickness.
Weight Gain during Pregnancy
Gaining some weight during pregnancy is normal, but the goal is to gain it slowly and within the recommended range, which states that:
You can prevent obesity and being overweight in pregnancy by:
Losing weight is not easy. It takes a lot of sweat and willpower to achieve the desired goals, but committing yourself to it for the benefit of your baby might be the best motivation you can ever find. Being obese or overweight and pregnant still gives you a good chance of having a healthy baby, but by including weight loss in your pregnancy preparations along with prenatal vitamins and Macafem for improved fertility, you can fight obesity once and for all and go through your pregnancy without complications.
A better understanding of how your body works will help you cope with hormonal fluctuations.
Detecting symptoms of hormonal imbalance can prevent you from developing serious conditions.
Implement simple lifestyle changes and natural approaches to prevent, manage, and relieve symptoms.